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Biochemical Applications of the Gas Laws

The various gas laws can be used to describe air, which is a mixture of gases. In some cases, these laws have direct application to the air that we breathe.

A.)  How long does it take a person at rest to breathe one mole of air if the person breathes 80.0mL/s of air that is measured at 25 ∘C and 755 mmHg?

B.)  Typically, when a person coughs, he or she first inhales about 2.30L of air at 1.00 atm and 25 ∘C. The epiglottis and the vocal cords then shut, trapping the air in the lungs, where it is warmed to 37 ∘C and compressed to a volume of about 1.70 L by the action of the diaphragm and chest muscles. The sudden opening of the epiglottis and vocal cords releases this air explosively. Just prior to this release, what is the approximate pressure of the gas inside the lungs?

C.)  Helium-oxygen mixtures are used by divers to avoid the bends and are used in medicine to treat some respiratory ailments. What percent (by moles) of He is present in a helium-oxygen mixture having a density of 0.538g/L at 25 ∘C and 721 mmHg?

 

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Posted on November 20, 2013, in Question and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

  1. A.) 308 sec
    B.) 1.41 atm
    C.) 64.8% He

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