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Monthly Archives: October 2011

Creationism or Evolution

People have been debating for decades on how life on this earth started.  Many believe in what they read in books such as their bible, the one creator, which made all living things, GOD.  Others believe in actual evidence that they can see.  If you either believe that evolution is the process that all things sprung from, or that everything was created in GOD’s eyes, there is definitely some big controversy about the issue today. 
The basis of evolution solely relies on the findings from scientists, geologists, paleontologists, and many more.  These professionals perform research all over the world, document their findings, and publish them for everyone to see.  Comparing and contrasting their findings with other scientists to come up with general ideas about how things started here on earth.  These theories of evolution go back as far as the 1700’s.  Charles Darwin touches base on a few main topics discussed still even today regarding evolution and natural selection.  “In the struggle for survival, the fittest win out at the expense of their rivals because they succeed in adapting themselves best to their environment” (www.spaceandmotion.com).  His idea about natural selections states that there is three main principals that follow.  One is variation.   This is the process in which animals, plants, humans, etc., can adapt to their surroundings better than that of the next.   The second is heritability.  This is the known fact that children or offspring will inherit traits from a parent one way or another.  The last principal for natural selection is differential reproductive success.  This last idea delineates those better adapted animals, plants, organisms, etc., will generally produce more offspring, over future generations, than the less adapted.  This generally means more of the stronger and well adapted species.    Now putting an example of one of Darwin’s ideas to mind, you can think of the giraffe.  If over many years food was getting harder and harder to get, you might have to look in hard to reach places, such as the tops of trees.  Those giraffes whose necks were longer were able to survive longer than the other ones.  They are also able to feed their young longer, resulting in their offspring staying healthy, and being more reproductive, possibly passing those traits along to the next generation. 
When we hear the term Creationism, we automatically see the word create.  This is essentially what some people believe, that all living things were created by a GOD, or higher power.  This understanding about evolution is highly followed by those that are a strong religious background, and do not believe what scientific research can unveil, however; many of these men came from a religious background and were scientists. They just had a different understand of where it all began and how it changed.  Henry Morris, Ph.D. states, “They seem also to have been able to maintain a proper “scientific attitude,” for it was these men (Newton, Pasteur, Linnaeus, Faraday, Pascal, Lord Kelvin, Maxwell, Kepler, etc.) whose researches and analyses led to the very laws and concepts of science which brought about our modern scientific age”( www.icr.org).  Keeping science and religion separate is a very difficult thing to do when you have been raised to believe in a certain GOD or higher power.  Even when there is evidence showing the path evolution took.
            Evolution is a scientific term.  It can be defined by a change in time of one or more inherited traits found in a population of individuals.  The term Creationism also has a definition.   It is the religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe are the creation of a supernatural being.  The difference in these two points is very clear, one provides scientific research, and the other is a belief that cannot be proven.  At the same time it can’t be proven wrong either, however; if there is scientific research that people have documented and that is on display in local museums, it’s kind of difficult not to believe it.  Evolution and science go by some of the following guidelines.  If you cannot observe, measure, or experimentally test it, then you cannot rule it out.  Since Creationism, a form of belief, about evolution, it is difficult to place the two in the same category to compare; they are both on opposite sides when debate comes down to statistics, research, and hard facts, because creationism has none, but a bible.  Some people may take the bible not to be entirely true and the book has been rewritten hundreds of times throughout its existence.
So facts are clear and beliefs can be believed or not believed.  This is what most scientists think then they are asked about evolution. Two terms come to mind creationism and evolution.  Both of these have similar ideas, but they are so both very different.  The concept that a species will strive for survival and pass along genetic traits to their offspring ensuring a strong species is evolution.  The idea that genetic traits are not passed along and that everything happens for a reason is creationism.  Whichever one people choose to believe, there is still much debate over what is entirely true today.
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Strategies of Survival

            When most people think of the phrase survival of the fittest, a few different things could come to mind.  Most often that phrase is used when comparing one person to another, but not often meant to be literal.  If we look back into the past that phrase could possibly be meant literally.  One of the most amazing quotes that read over the past few days was so simple yet absolutely made me think in a completely different perspective than before.  “You don’t have to run faster than a bear, you just have to run faster than your friend.” This statement puts a few different scenarios into text.  The first being that years ago, we, as humans, were not the big mighty hunters on the land.  We had absolutely no protection, no built in weapons, (such as claws, big razor sharp teeth, etc.) our speed was far slower than, that of a mountain lion, and we were and still are generally clumsy, compared to the big animals still in the world today.  When we think of this we have to understand that there is more to survival than just having a defense, and a good offence.  Our ancestors had to adapt, help, hunt, cook, and many other things including fighting one another.  Although raging war on one another was not very profitable, and had very few positive results, our ancestors relied more on unity.  The fact that helping one another, and companionship brought them closer together, making survival easier for everyone.  The men would hunt during the day (not at night cause of the predators) and the women would harvest food such as ekwa, a root with basic nutrients, suitable for our ancestors.  With this helping and unity the ancestors were able to reproduce, grow a family, and continue this tradition as long as time permitted them to.  There was also the chance for a mistake, or another, stronger family to take them by surprise, and leaving them with nothing, or possibly killing them.  The strongest part of survival may lie in unity.  Let’s say for example the village that you are residing at gets raided my two big angry men, because your husband was out hunting and scared his meal away (this could happen more often than not if your close to another village).  So these men come in, and want to kill you, because your husband was clumsy and not quiet in the village.  They would do exactly that if you didn’t have unity in your life.  The purpose for unity is surrounding you with others that help in the time of need, or when an opportunity arises.  These people are called alloparents.  Then help if they are around and if they feel the need to.  Alloparents were usually found among smaller groups, possibly outsider stuck together, or a small family that left a bigger community.  Not blood related, but rather sticking together, for a better chance of survival, and coexisting for a common goal.  Even when we look back to bipedal apes, anthropologists are finding that they were cared for both their parents and alloparents.
            On the other side of the spectrum there is many different ways not to survive, or for cultures traditions to go sour.  Genetics show cultures that interbreed are more likely to fail and have health problems, ultimately leading, to the culture diminishing.   This has happened in the past and still continues today in the American culture.  Although highly looked down upon, some people are guilty of incest.  In Alaska there are tribes that have certain diet traditions, and have currently been not able to eat that type of food anymore, or not as often.  This is part of the basic survival for mankind.  If something is not working, we have the will power to change it, tradition or not.  The Hopi have certain traditions themselves.  They believe that gifts are to be given when greeting someone or another culture.  The first contact with the Hopi and the USA was in 1852.  The president of the USA was presented with a cornstarch cigarette, and a pahos.  By offering these things they hoped to open the door with them and the USA, but the attempt was unsuccessful.  The diplomatic relations from one culture to another can often be started with a gift; however, some cultures (like our own) do not see this as a proper etiquette, and ignore the meeting.  Thus could end with empty possibilities and lost hopes for the Hopi people.
            Survival has always been something that is imbedded in our minds, or just as natural instincts.  To go beyond them and to try to make things better is what humans as a whole are very good at.  We will continue to strive for success, and survival in the ever changing world.    

“Have I ever let us down? How far have you come because of me? I will bring us through this, as always, I will carry you kicking and screaming, and in the end you will thank me.
Tyler Durden”

One of the fastest phones to hit the market

A FASTER phone with a 1.2 GHz dual core processor.  We’ve virtually eliminated waiting and disruptions by installing a 1.2 GHz dual core processor. And with the 4G network, movies don’t stall, websites don’t drag and time never stands still. 
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“The story of the human race is War.  Except for brief and precarious interludes, there has been peace in the world; and before history began, murderous strife was universal and unending.”
— Winston Churchill

Zoo has response plan for animal escape

If a lion or bear managed to escape from the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, officials there know exactly how to react.
The zoo has a thick manual, called the “animal escape procedure document,” that explains what to do in an escape situation. It is updated every year. Staff members drill in a special-response team twice a year, bringing in outside law enforcement and emergency teams for help.
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Top 10 Moments Caught on Google Maps Street View

See Them Here

Roman-era couple held hands for 1,500 years

The skeletal remains of a Roman-era couple reveal the pair has been holding hands for 1,500 years.

Italian archaeologists say the man and woman were buried at the same time between the 5th and 6th century A.D. in central-northern Italy. Wearing a bronze ring, the woman is positioned so she appears to be gazing at her male partner.
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‘World of Warcraft’ is going to the pandas

Game developer Blizzard will release its fourth expansion pack for “World of Warcraft” — an expansion that lets people play the massively popular online game as a race of giant humanoid pandas known as the Pandaren.
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Preacher’s doomsday forecast fizzles out … again

Harold Camping, the 90-year-old leader of Family Radio International, stirred a global frenzy when he predicted that the Rapture would take 200 million Christians to heaven on May 21. When the Rapture didn’t occur, Camping said he got his Bible-based calculations wrong and revised his prophecy to set the world’s end on Friday, Oct. 21.
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